ORGANIC RODENT CARE SERVICE
Rodent populations grow very quickly so time is of the essence. It is best to target them when populations are small before it becomes a full-blown infestation. A successful and effective rodent control strategy typically involves sanitation measures, rodent proofing (exclusion), and population reduction (trapping).
When Organic ways your rodent infestation, we approach it in a way that ensures the quickest possible results. We understand each home is unique and our professionally trained technicians will conduct a thorough inspection of your home, identifying any signs of rodent activity and potential entry points, taking the time to understand your individual needs. At the end of the inspection, your pest control professional will develop a customized plan to address your specific rodent problem.
RODENT-PROOFING YOUR HOME (EXCLUSION)
It does not take a very big hole for a pest to gain entry into your home. Rodents are capable of squeezing through holes that appear to be much too small for them - mice can enter a home through a hole as small as a dime; rats can enter through a hole as small as a quarter. The most successful and permanent form of rodent control is to limit shelter and prevent rodents from entering your home. In the exclusionary phase of the program your Organic Expert technician "rodent proofs" your home.
Organic will inspect your home to find any rodent entry points – such as any holes, crevices, or gaps that are larger than 1/4 inch through which rodents could use to enter your home - and seal them. By removing the places rodents have to find shelter and rest, hide, or build nests and rear young, they cannot survive in large numbers. Wood piles and other rodent shelter sites such overgrown weedy areas should also be eliminated.
When a rodent infestation already exists, some form of population reduction (e.g., trapping) is typically necessary to help control the rodent population already inside the home. Many factors, especially placement, account for the overall success. Rats are very leery of anything new in their environment and will avoid a freshly placed trap so this process could take a few days or up to a few weeks. The technician will routinely check and promptly remove the rodents as they are trapped. By not relying on inherently hazardous poisons, we can make sure rodents are disposed of properly, and avoid any unpleasant odors.
SANITATION AND VECTOR CONTROL
The most effective rodent control begins with prevention. Trash should be disposed of properly, and sanitary conditions should be impeccably maintained. Rodents can survive in small areas with limited amounts of food and shelter. So no matter how clean, all places where food is stored should be made rodent-proof as a preventative measure by keeping food tightly sealed in metal or glass containers. Both human and pet food is an incentive for rodents. Cardboard boxes are attractive to rodents, as they chew them up for use in their nests. Organic Pest control Pvt. Ltd will provide you with detailed recommendations to remove objects which attract rodents.
The technician will also provide a thorough pest control treatment to eradicate vectors commonly living with rodents such as fleas, mites, roaches, and other feasting insects.
LONG TERM MONITORING
An ongoing monitoring program ensures any exclusionary measures remain intact for the long-term. We will regularly monitor your home to ensure the rodent prevention plan is effectively working, making any necessary adjustments. We will consult with you and provide education on ways to prevent future rodent infestations. Our goal is to deliver a long-term rodent-free environment and to provide 100% customer satisfaction.
Even when rodents and associated insects have been eliminated, it may be necessary to sanitize your property as there may have been long term contamination left behind by rodent feces and urine. Your Organic technician will apply a sanitizing agent to all affected surfaces in order to eliminate the diseases associated with the rodent's by-products.
What Are Rats?
Rodents are warm-blooded mammals that, like humans, can be found throughout the world. Rats live and thrive in a wide variety of climates and conditions and are often found in and around homes and other buildings, on farms, and in gardens and open fields. They have oversized front teeth for gnawing and check teeth, which are adapted for chewing. Rodents chew on a variety of items available to them and cause great damage in and around homes.
Rats will eat just about anything, but they prefer grains, meats and some fruits. Rats will eat about 10 percent of their body weight every day. Rats generally live about a year, but can live much longer in ideal conditions. They eat and contaminate food, damage structures and property, and transmit parasites and diseases to other animals and humans.
Rats, like Rats, are active mostly at night. They have poor eyesight, but they make up for this with their keen senses of hearing, smell, taste, and touch. Rats constantly explore and learn, memorizing the locations of pathways, obstacles, food and water, shelter, and features of their environment. They quickly detect and tend to avoid new objects and novel foods. Thus, they often avoid traps and baits for several days or more following their initial placement.
People don’t often see rodents, but signs of their presence are easy to detect. It’s important to know which species is present in order to choose an effective control strategy. Rodent activity can be seen by gnaw marks on food and objects such as utility lines. Other indicators can include rub marks or grease stains along surfaces which are produced as the rodent travels along an edge and the oils in their fur are deposited. Generally, darker stains indicate greater activity. Rodent droppings are another sign of activity and can be scattered along frequently traveled rodent pathways.
Norway rat (Rattus norvegicus)
One of the most common rats in the United States, the Norway rat is extremely adaptive and does well in a variety of human habitats including densely populated cities. Norway rats (also called brown or sewer rats) are large, burrowing rodents. They are bulky with coarse brown to grey fur with lighter underbellies. They are heavy-bodied and can weigh 1/2 to 1 pound. They can be 10 to 18 inches long. Head/bodies are 6 to 10 inches long; tails are shorter and can be 4 to 8 inches long. They have small eyes and ears and a blunt nose. Norway rat droppings are blunt capsule shaped and are about 3/4 inch long. Their fur is shaggy.
When Norway rats invade buildings, they usually live in basements, crawlspaces, and sewers. Outside, they can be found nesting in underground burrows typically found along building foundations, beneath rubbish or woodpiles, and in moist areas near tree roots. Norway rats can undermine building foundations and slabs with their burrowing activities. They can gnaw on all types of materials, including soft metals such as copper and lead, as well as plastic and wood. They require water to drink, and place their colony as close to a water source as possible. They have limited agility, but are excellent swimmers.
Roof rat (Rattus rattus)
One of the most common rats in the United States, Roof rats, also known as black rats, are generally smaller, sleeker, and slightly slimmer than Norway rats. Roof rats typically have light black to brown fur on their bodies with lighter underbellies. They are 7 to 10 inches long and have a long hairless tail. Unlike Norway rats, their tails are longer than their heads and bodies combined. They have large ears and eyes (typically larger than those of the Norway rat) and have a pointed nose. Their fur is smooth. Roof rat droppings are 1/2 inch with pointed ends, whereas Norway rat droppings are slightly larger (3/4 inch) and capsule shaped.
As their name indicates, roof rats prefer to nest high above the ground in trees, tall overgrown shrubs, or dense vegetation such as ivy. They often can be seen at night running along overhead utility lines or fence tops. These rats move faster than Norway rats, have an excellent sense of balance, and are very agile climbers. They often access homes by running along tree branches, cables or wires. They are typically found in attics, walls, false ceilings, and cabinets. Roof rats can cause considerable structural damage in homes with their gnawing and nest-building activities as they chew on wood and wires. Roof rats are especially fond of avocados and citrus, and they often eat fruit that is still on the tree.
House mouse (Mus musculus)
The house mouse thrives under a variety of conditions in and around homes. Mice are usually brown or light grey in color, with lighter underbellies but different species can be lighter or darker. They have pointed noses, small eyes, relatively large ears, and long tails. Most mice are 3 to 4 inches long. Droppings are rod-shaped and pointed on both ends. During the fall months when the temperatures outside begin to drop, the house mouse is often attracted by the warmth of your home as it looks for a place to spend the winter.
Once inside mice make their homes in quiet spaces out of spare materials, such as string and insulation. Indoors their diet consists of any spare food, consuming food meant for humans or pets, but in nature they typically eat grains, nuts, seeds, and sweets. Mice have keen senses of taste, hearing, smell and touch. They are excellent climbers and can run up any rough vertical surface. They contaminate food-preparation surfaces with their feces, which can contain the bacterium that causes food poisoning (salmonellosis). Their constant gnawing causes damage to structures and property.
Rodents tend to multiply swiftly, and infestations may be extremely difficult to exterminate. Some species breed year-round, and populations are maintained through constant reproduction. Rats eat and contaminate foodstuffs and animal feed. They also damage containers and packaging materials in which foods and feed are stored. Several different types of rat species cause problems by gnawing on electrical wires and structural wood such as doors, ledges, and corners. They also tear up insulation in walls and ceilings for nesting.
Because rats are active throughout the year, you should periodically check for signs of their presence. In addition, rats are nocturnal (most active at night), and an infestation can develop before a rodent is ever seen. Unless your house is truly rodent proof, once rats have invaded your garden or landscaping, it is only a matter of time before you find evidence of them indoors.
Infestations in or surrounding a home can prove extremely destructive. Different species are known for different nesting and feeding behaviors, but infestations cause damage to gardens and yards, as well as to the home and the contents. For this reason, it is best to be consistently on the lookout for signs of rodent presence. These include:
- Rat droppings, especially around human or pet food or in or around trash areas;
- Noises in the dark, such as scratching sounds from the attic;
- Nests or piled nesting materials in hidden areas such as behind boxes or in drawers in the garage or near a firewood stack;
- Evidence of gnawing of wires or structural wood;
- Burrows around the yard particularly among plants or damaged vegetables; beneath the garbage can; under the home or outbuildings; or gnawed fruits in trees; and
- Smudge marks caused by the rats rubbing their fur against beams, rafters, pipes, and walls.
It is more effective and less time consuming to control rodents before their numbers get too high, and fewer traps and less bait will be required if control is started early. A pest control professional should be contacted for assistance.
How to Get Rid of Rats
People don't often see rats, but signs of their presence are easy to detect. It's important to know which species of rat is present in order to choose effective control strategies. A successful rat control strategy typically includes three elements: sanitation measures; rodent proofing; and population control (trapping).
The most effective rat control begins with prevention. Trash should be disposed of properly, and sanitary conditions should be impeccably maintained. Both human and pet food is an incentive for rodents and should be kept in tightly sealed containers. Any standing water or moisture leaks should be addressed and/or repaired. Wood piles and other rodent shelter sites such overgrown weedy areas should be eliminated. In order to address an existing rat population, it is necessary to identify and eliminate their feeding, drinking and dwelling sites.
Rodent-proofing your home:
The most permanent form of rodent control is to limit food, water, shelter, and access to buildings. Rats are capable of squeezing through holes that appear to be much too small for them (as small as a quarter) so even very small holes should be sealed to prevent entry and reentry of rodents. Prevention begins by implementing the following:
- Seal all possible entry points against rodent entry, such as sewers and air vents;
- Repair or replace damaged ventilation screen around the foundation and under the eaves;
- Provide a tight-fitting cover for the crawl space;
- Seal all openings around pipes, cables, and wires that enter through walls or the foundation;
- Be sure all windows that can be opened are screened and that the screens are in good condition;
- Since rats often enter by climbing trees and coming through broken screens or vents make sure internal screens on roof and attic air vents are in good repair;
- Cover rooftop plumbing vent pipes in excess of 2 inches in diameter with screens over their tops; and
- Make sure all exterior doors are tight fitting and weatherproofed at the bottom.
Trapping is the safest and most effective method for controlling rats in and around homes and other structures. Because snap traps can be used over and over, trapping is less costly than poison baits but is also more labor intensive. Although there are a variety of types of traps (e.g., the simple, wooden trap, the newer plastic single kill traps, etc.), finding the best locations to set traps is often more important than what type of trap is used. However, because rats tend to avoid unfamiliar objects, it is often necessary to enlist the services of a local pest control professional when attempting to control an existing rat population.
Attractants may be used to lure rats into traps. However, rats are highly suspicious of anything new that comes into their established foraging paths. Dried fruit, bacon, or a piece of kibbled pet food can be an attractive bait for traps. Fasten the bait securely to the trigger of the trap with light string, thread, or fine wire so the rodent will spring the trap when attempting to remove the food. Soft baits such as peanut butter and cheese can be used, but rats sometimes take soft baits without setting off the trap.
Traps should be placed where rats are, right against the wall in secluded areas where they are seeking shelter and along the runways and trails the rats are traveling. Look for signs of nesting, gnawing, and droppings. Place traps in natural travel ways, such as along walls, so the rodents will pass directly over the trigger of the trap.
Although rodenticide baits are commercially available, they are potentially harmful to humans and pets if not used correctly. When toxic baits are used, rats can die in hard to reach locations such as within walls or ceilings. The stench of a dead/decomposing rat can be unbearable and can necessitate cutting a hole in the wall to remove the carcass. It is best to contact a professional.